Things That You Can Expect from a Stem Cell Transplant
Stem cell transplants have become quite popular, especially in the field of medicine. Many medical professionals have made successful stem cell operations in the past decade and it is mainly to treat some form of cancers like Leukemia, Multiple Myeloma, among others.
Although it is still being researched to this day, we still haven’t tapped the full potential of what stem cells can do. However, even though that is the case, there is still a steady increase in the number of people who are undergoing stem cell transplants to help rid their bodies of certain human conditions.
That being said, if you’re planning to get a stem cell transplant, what are the things that you can expect from the stem cell transplant operation?
Here are some:
- Days prior to the extraction of your stem cells, you will be given some “blood-forming” medicine that will make your bone marrow stem cells get “released” into the bloodstream for easy extraction.
- Once the extraction day comes, you or the donor’s stem cells will be separated from your blood and then it will be frozen until it gets ready to be transplanted.
- You will then be run into a series of low-dose chemotherapy sessions with the aim of killing the cancer cells or any other things that ail your body. This is just so that you will be rid of anything that hurts you inside your body.
- After the chemotherapy sessions, you will then wait a couple of hours for the transplantation process. You will then be infused with the stem cells that were extracted a few days prior.
- The medical team will check you from time to time to ensure that everything is okay. They will get your vitals as well as your blood samples to check if the levels are clear and that you do not experience symptoms of fever, chills, or a sudden drop in blood pressure.
- You may experience under side-effects of the operation as well such as nausea, flushing, or shortness of breath.
- Within the next few weeks, the implanted stem cells will start to graft with your bone marrow and it will trigger a response where it makes new red and white blood cells.
- It is best that you stay in a quarantined environment for the first 4 weeks. This is because your body’s immune system is still relatively weak and you would contract any other disease at this time if you’re subjected to a germ-filled environment.
- You will also be asked to visit your doctor regularly during the first six months. The medical professional will ensure that everything is alright, especially the period after the transplantation has occurred.
- If you happen to experience severe discomfort, this might be a sign of complications. If this is the case, you have to go to your doctor immediately.
- Before even considering getting a stem cell transplant, do your research first if this particular medical institution has done a similar procedure before or not.
- Frequent visits to your doctor are mandatory and you have to tell them truthfully about your day-to-day experience so that any changes or symptoms you feel will be monitored.